While consulting on using vCenter Operations Manager (vCOPS) I am often (or is this always) confronted with the current organizations monitoring product in place and/or the multiple components in the infrastructure. It is unknown that vCOPS can also be leveraged to `other than that VMware hypervisor’ infrastructure components. Or let it work together with other specialistic monitoring solutions. With the latter it is important to define who works with what solution as a point of entry, where the specific solution is used for detailed information , and where a single monitoring dashboard can be created for a single monitoring pane.
vCOPS provides a complete VMware hypervisor monitoring, analysis and reporting tool from the box. It’s required to have an license /configuration investment for the analysis / reporting, and for example the additional vCenter Hyperic installations to include other than VMware hypervisor monitoring and application landscape. vCenter Hyperic uses a Hyperic Server (can be deployed as a virtual appliance) and agent architecture, and uses a management pack from VMware solution Exchange (https://solutionexchange.vmware.com/) to provide with collectors and dashboards. Next to Hyper-V this adds SQL and Exchange to your custom dashboard.
The agent is installed on the to monitor hosts where there are Windows agents for your Hyper-V or Windows based workloads, and Linux agents for XenServer and Linux based workloads.
Further more there is a SCOM management Pack to leverage the SCOM monitoring that is usialy found with Microsoft deployments. The following model shows them both.
Other devices such as networking can be integrated by vendor specific adapters/management packs, SNMP and/or leveraging Log Insight integration. Not all vendors have a vCOPS adapter/management pack, for these SNMP will need to be leveraged. Traps can be catched with a vCenter Orchestrator workflow to add an alert to the monitoring solution. Plus side on vCOPS is the addon to the vCenter Management interface providing a single pane of glass for management, monitoring and reporting. Yes, it needs some more management packs to be a replacement of all the monitoring solutions.
Getting more with adding VMware vCenter Multi-Hypervisor Manager 1.1 to the vCenter management layer. This provides means to manage Hyper-V from vCenter. vCenter Orchestrator can be leveraged to manage XenServer tasks, with SSH workflows to run xe actions for example. Putting the vCenter, vCenter Orchestrator, vCOPS and Multi-Hypervisor support provides a management, monitoring and control plane of a software defined data center.
Collectors, adapters and Management Packs
Adapters work closely with the collectors. The collector is the gateway between the adapters and vCOPS. The adapters connect to and collect data from data sources, transforming the data into a vCOPS format. The analytics VM houses the collector or in a distributed architectures remote collectors gather metrics locally and feed the central vCOPS to offload the central install. Depending on the data source and the adapter implementation, an adapter might collect data by making API calls, using a command-line interface, or sending database queries.
Management Packs have specific configuration/information to connect to specific data sources with it’s specific connection and gathering method. They also offer ready to use custom dashboards or automatic discovery information adding the adapters to the environment.
Custom collectors and management packs can be downloaded from solution exchange. These are in *.pak format.
Monitoring other hypervisor or workloads with Hyperic
Hyperic server component can be downloaded from my.vmware.com (that is if you have a valid download account). There are the installable downloads, but also the Hyperic vApp. I am deploying this one as the server. You need the install bundle for the agent installation (that is the easy one). The appliance creates two VM’s in a Hyperic vApp, the Hyperic server and the vFabric vPostgres database server. Deploy the OVF in your ESXi environement. Fill in the values as required (location, size, space and networking) and fill in the hqadmin details. Or choose a new user account. Start up the Hyperic vApp when finished. You can manage the Hyperic environment by using: https://<fqdn or IP>:5480/ for the appliance, http://<fqdn or ip>:7880, https://<fqdn or ip>:7443 or logging on to the console. Logon with root and the password supplied for the hqadmin user in the OVF deployment. Here you can set the time zone and view networking (managed by VAMI).
Deploy a Hyperic Agent. For this demo I am using the Windows agent on a Hyper-V host (demo/test environment that is).
Create a destination directory, for example program files\Hyperic. Start by extracting the zip and command prompting to that directory (run as….). Run setup.bat -full. Accept EULA and choose 2. for the HQ Agent installation.
Type the destination path created. For the example C:\Program Files\Hyperic.
When entering the setup this unpacks the agent to this directory. Go to the Hyperic Agent installation at with the c:\Program Files\Hyperic\agent-5.8.1-EE/bin/. Do a hq-agent.bat install to install as a Windows service. Do a hq-agent.bat start to start the service for the first time and do an initial configuration. Here you define, communication method, IP of the HQ server, login credentials, port numbers et al. Accept self signed when trusted. Don’t forget firewalls when they are in the transport.
Creating the match made in heaven…
Next up is configuring vCenter Hyperic and vCOPS to find each other (going from one interface back to the other and back again warning).
The Hyperic management PAK can be installed via the Update tab in the admin console of vCOPS. Browse to the https://<UI fqdn (or IP)>/admin. Log in and go to the Update tab. Browse the pak file and update. Notice the warning that updates are irreversible, you should have a back-up or this is the time.
Login to the vCOPS custom dashboard (/vcops-custom/). Select Admin > Support. On the Info tab, find the Adapters Info pane. Check if MP for Hyperic in the pane. If not, click the Describe icon. The Describe icon is located at the top right of the Adapters Info pane.Click Yes to start the describe process and click OK. And be patience….
Log in to the vCenter Hyperic site, at http://<hyperic fqdn or IP>:7080/ or https at port 7443. Here you can check the autodiscovery. My hyper-v.testlab.local is found and can be added to the inventory. Yeah!
Go to the Hyperic Administration tab. Select the HQ Server Settings link and configure the vCenter Server settings. Click ok on the bottom to save. This will find vCenter as a resource. Sometimes a little discovery will get it from stuck state (this can also be just my lab environment).
Management Pack for vCenter Hyperic instance requires a user name and password to connect to vCenter Hyperic server. vCenter Hyperic server requires a user name and password to connect to the vCOPS adapter. You must provide this information in a credential in vCOPS. Go to the custom vCOPS and browse to Environment > Configuration > Credentials. In the manage credentials select the MP Hyperic and Hyperic credentials type. Click add. Fill in the required values.
Are we there yet? Almost. Add an adapter instance to vCOPS. Go to Environment > Configuration > Adapter Instances. You will only find the default adapters if you haven’t added any. Select the vCOPS collector and adapter kind MP for Hyperic and click on the add icon (the first). Fill in the required values in the Add window. Important are the url’s, the certificate checking and the auto discovery. I select no checking for the certificates, but if you want you have to import the required certificates in the appropriate trust stores. For the URL of the vCenter Hyperic server in the Hyperic Server URL text box.For example: https://<fqdn IP Hyperic server>:7443. The URL of your vCenter Operations Manager server in the vCenter Operations Manager URL text box.For example: https://<fqdn or IP vCOPS>. Select the credential name you created in the previous step.
Click test to test the connections. Ok to add the adapter. When auto discovery is finished the Hyper-V VM’s pop up in the vCOPS custom dashboard. Just take a look at Hyperic Hyper-V VM utilzation tab. My lab isn’t much but you will get it.
– Happy Monitoring your other hypervisors and workloads!